01.08.2019-851 views -Code of Hammurabi
" Mesopotamia's perception of insecurity resulted in their producing not merely great philosophical literature although also thorough legal codes” (Andrea, and Overfield 13). The Code of Hammurabi is the most famous of collection of laws produced throughout the early on riverine communities offering us insights within the lives of Mesopotamia. Through extensive traditional analysis in the Judgments of Hammurabi, the Code of Hammurabi can tell us that there was proof of social structure, duties of public officials and a legal system, and consumer security through a central government in ancient Mesopotamia.
The Code of Hammurabi was written by King Hammurabi in Babylon's First Empire (1792 BCE-1750 BCE), where he was known for uniting Mesopotamia under a single centralized authorities (Tignor 113). The Code consisted of much more than 300 decisions or punishments to a wide array of crimes dedicated, and were inscribed on the stone expoliar that scored more than eight feet extra tall and 6 feet in circumference (Andrea, and Overfield 13). Although not much is well-known about Ruler Hammurabi, his motives for writing the code of laws were believed to keep order in Mesopotamia which in turn he wished to last forever (Andrea, and Overfield 13).
One aspect of Mesopotamian civilization that is evident in the Code is social structure. 3 classes may be derived from the Code, totally free men and women, common folk and slaves with each receiving an given value and distinct legal rights (Tignor 114). The people who were upper class received equal retaliation, as the Code claims in legislation 196 " If a man has destroyed a persons vision of an additional free person, his very own eye booth be destroyed” (Andrea, and Overfield 16). Oppositely, the reduced class usually received payment in the form of funds for their failures as seen in law 198 that says, " If a fellow has ruined the eye of any peasant, he shall pay one ganga of silver” (Andrea, and Overfield 16). Also, for slaves it states that in regulation 199 " If this individual has destroyed the eye of a man's...
Offered: Andrea, Alfred, and David Overfield. " The Decision of Hammurabi. " The Human Record Options for Global History. 6th education. Volume We. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Organization, 2009. Print out.
Tignor, Robert. " The Rise of Territorial States in Southeast Asia and North The african continent. ” Sides Together Planets Apart. 2nd ed. Ny: W. Watts. Norton & Company, 2008. Print.